Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Hazardous Waste Research


May 23-24, 1995
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas

Great Plains-Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center
Kansas State University
101 Ward Hall
Manhattan, KS 66506-2502

Editors
Larry E. Erickson
Diana L. Tillison
Stanley C. Grant
J. Patrick McDonald

Art
Jerry L. Berg II

Design and Layout
Diana L. Tillison


Acknowledgment

Although this document has been funded in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under assistance agreements R-815709 and R-819653 to the Great Plains-Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center, which is headquartered at Kansas State University, it has not been subjected to the agency's peer and administrative review and, therefore, may not necessarily reflect the views of the agency. No official endorsement should be inferred. The U.S. Department of Defense; U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Restoration and Waste Management and Office of Technology Development; and the Kansas State University Center for Hazardous Substance Research provided partial support.

ISSN 1054-8564


Preface

1995 was an important year for the Great Plains-Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center (HSRC), marking the 10th anniversary of the HSRC's annual conference. The 10th Annual Conference on Hazardous Waste Research was held May 23-24, 1995, at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas. The conference program consisted of 59 oral and 36 poster presentations, three panel discussions, and a plenary address. Special emphasis in this conference was placed on phytoremediation, bioremediation and environmental issues on Native American lands.

The sessions of the conference were bioremediation, heavy metals, environmental assessment and decision making, fate and transport, chemical destruction, conducting HSRC research, non-aqueous phase liquids, technology transfer, pollution prevention/waste minimization, phytoremediation and community involvement. The conference was held in conjunction with the Science Advisory Committee, Training and Technology Transfer Advisory Committee, and the HERS (Haskell Environmental Research Studies Center) Advisory Board meetings. Also held in conjunction with the conference were four workshops and a short course.

The conference was co-sponsored by the Great Plains-Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center, the Kansas State University Center for Hazardous Substance Research, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Kansas State University Engineering Extension Service, the Kansas Geological Survey, the Advanced Manufacturing Institute at Kansas State University, the Kansas State University Engineering Experiment Station, the Kansas State University Agriculture Extension Service, the U.S. Bureau of Mines, the Center for Biofilm Engineering at Montana State University, the Mid-America Manufacturing Technology Center, the Mining Waste Technology Program at Montana College of Science and Mineral Technology, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and the Center for Environmental Technologies at University of Utah.

Thanks to all who assisted in the organization of the conference and to those who participated.


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Table of Contents


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BIOREMEDIATION M.K. Banks, session chair

2........INTRINSIC BIOREMEDIATION OF FUEL CONTAMINATION IN GROUND WATER AT A FIELD SITE

9........AEROBIC BIOTRANSFORMATION OF 2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE (TNT) BY PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS (abstract only)

10......ON-SITE DEMONSTRATION OF THE SABRE™ PROCESS ON MUNITIONS CONTAMINATED SOIL AT THE BANGOR SUBMARINE BASE IN WASHINGTON STATE (abstract only)

11......BIODEGRADATION AND INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF METHYL-TERTIARY-BUTYL ETHER (MTBE) ADDED TO MICROBIAL CONSORTIA

20......POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBON BIODEGRADATION AS A FUNCTION OF OXYGEN TENSION IN CONTAMINATED SOIL

33......COPPER BINDING BY INACTIVATED CELLS OF MUCOR ROUXII

41......ROLE OF BIODEGRADATION IN THE ATTENUATION OF ETHYLBENZOATE IN AQUIFERS

51......TRANSFORMATION OF CARBON TETRACHLORIDE AND CHLOROFORM UNDER METHANOGENIC CONDITIONS IN THE PRESENCE OF IRON METAL (abstract only)

52......INACTIVATION OF METHANOGENS RESULTING FROM THE BIOTRANSFORMATION OF CARBON TETRACHLORIDE AND CHLOROFORM (abstract only)

HEAVY METALS A.P. Schwab, session chair

54......STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIP OF HEAVY METALS EXTRACTION FROM SOIL BY CHELATING AGENTS (abstract only)

55......EFFECT OF CITRATE ON THE ADSORPTION OF ZINC TO SOIL (abstract only)

56......CHARACTERIZATION OF LEAD CONTAINING MINING AND SMELTER WASTE (abstract only)

57......MODELING OF HEAVY METAL MOVEMENT IN VEGETATED, UNSATURATED SOILS WITH EMPHASIS ON GEOCHEMISTRY

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT & DECISION MAKING R. Govindaraju, session chair

68......SELECTION AMONG TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR REMOVING SOCS FROM WATER (abstract only)

69.......RISKS OF RISK ASSESSMENT

78......USE OF GEOSTATISTICS IN DESIGNING AND ANALYZING TREATMENT EFFECTS AT THE FIELD SCALE (abstract only)

79......ASSESSMENT OF FREON RELEASE FROM POLYURETHANE FOAMS (abstract only)

80......ESTIMATION OF SOIL HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES FROM PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS (ANNS) (abstract only)

FATE & TRANSPORT J.C. Tracy, session chair

82......EVALUATION OF SUBSURFACE BIOBARRIER FORMATION AND PERSISTENCE

92......MACROPORE FLOW AT THE COLUMN SCALE: EXPERIMENTAL METHODS AND MODEL CALIBRATION (abstract only)

93......MODELING COLLOID TRANSPORT IN MACROPOROUS VADOSE ZONE (abstract only)

94......FATE AND TRANSPORT MODEL OF TNT CONTAMINATED SOILS (abstract only)

95......COMBINED EFFECT OF PORE FLUID DYNAMICS AND COMPOSITION ON STABILITY OF PARTICULATE CONTAMINANTS (abstract only)

96......ONE-DIMENSIONAL PARTICLE TRANSPORT MODEL IN POROUS MEDIA (abstract only)

CHEMICAL DESTRUCTION K.J. Klabunde, session chair

98......THE EFFECT OF TRANSITION METAL COATINGS ON THE ABILITY OF CALCIUM OXIDE TO DESTRUCTIVELY ADSORB CARBON TETRACHLORIDE (abstract only)

99.......BENCH SCALE STUDIES FOR THE DESTRUCTIVE ADSORPTION OF CCL4 ON CAO PARTICLES (abstract only)

100.....OPTIMIZING ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT (abstract only)

101.....EVALUATION OF ENHANCED PHOTODEGRADATION FOR DECONTAMINATION OF SOILS FROM WOOD TREATMENT SITES (abstract only)

102.....PHOTOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYCHLORINATED DIBENZO-P-DIOXIN IN THE GAS PHASE AND ON AEROSOL PARTICLES (abstract only)

104.....CYANIDE REMEDIATION: CURRENT AND PAST TECHNOLOGIES

CONDUCTING HSRC RESEARCH L.E. Erickson, session chair

132.....CHEMICAL ANALYSES: HOW TO GET THEM DONE RIGHT (CUSTOMER-ANALYST INTERACTIONS)

138.....TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER OF UNIVERSITY RESEARCH

NON-AQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS T.H. Illangasekare, session chair

146.....MODELING OF DISSOLUTION TRANSPORT OF NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUID WASTES IN HETEROGENEOUS AQUIFERS

153.....TWO-DIMENSIONAL SURFACTANT ENHANCED DISSOLUTION OF NON-AQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (abstract only)

154.....MOBILIZATION OF NON-AQUEOUS PHASE LIQUID WASTES IN AQUIFERS BY HOT WATER FLOODING (abstract only)

155.....REMOVAL OF A MIXTURE OF IMMISCIBLE LIQUIDS BY IN-WELL AIR SPARGING (abstract only)

156.....EFFECT OF PORE FLUID KINETICS ON THE RECOVERY OF IMMISCIBLE CONTAMINANTS FROM SOILS (abstract only)

157.....NETWORK MODELING APPROACH TO ASSESS FATE OF RESIDUAL NAPL GANGLIA UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF PORE FLUID KINETICS (abstract only)

158.....MEASUREMENT OF TWO-PHASE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SATURATION RELATIONSHIP USING THE FLEXIBLE WALL PERMIAMETER AND FLOW PUMP (abstract only)

159.....NUMERICAL CODE VALIDATION OF MULTI-PHASE FLOW CONDITIONS USING DATA FROM 2-D TANK EXPERIMENTS WITH NAPLS (abstract only)

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER R.B. Hayter, session chair

162.....ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE (abstract only)

163.....DESIGN OF BIOREACTORS FOR AEROBIC TRICHLOROETHENE COMETABOLISM (abstract only)

164.....BIOREMEDIATION OF EXPLOSIVES-CONTAMINATED SOILS: A STATUS REVIEW

180.....INNOVATIVE, ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED BY AN ACADEMIA/GOVERNMENT/INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP

POLLUTION PREVENTION/WASTE MINIMIZATION M. Feenstra, session chair

188.....A STUDY OF CHUNK RUBBER FROM RECYCLED TIRES AS A ROAD CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL

198.....CONVERSION OF SCRAP TIRES TO ACTIVATED CARBON AND ITS APPLICATION FOR TREATMENT OF ORGANIC WASTE (abstract only)

199.....SYNTHESIS OF REACTION PATHS WITH MINIMUM INVOLVEMENT OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (abstract only)

200.....FROM WASTE TO RAW MATERIAL: THE WAY OF CADMIUM AND OTHER HEAVY METALS FROM BIOMASS TO WOOD ASH (abstract only)

PLENARY PRESENTATION L.E. Erickson, session chair

202.....NATIVE AMERICAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

PHYTOREMEDIATION L.C. Davis and L.N. Reddi, session chairs

206.....BEHAVIOR OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHS) IN RHIZOSPHERE SOIL (abstract only)

207.....FATE OF BENZO(A)PYRENE IN THE RHIZOSPHERE OF FESTUCA ARUNDINACEA (abstract only)

208.....THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN FIXATION AND FERTILIZATION IN ALFALFA ON PHYTOREMEDIATION OF PAHS (abstract only)

209.....REMOVAL OF COPPER IONS FROM SOLUTION BY SILICA-IMMOBILIZED MEDICAGO SATIVA (ALFALFA)

218.....MONITORING THE FATE OF 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN A GROWTH CHAMBER WITH ALFALFA PLANTS (abstract only)

219.....FATE OF ISAZOFOS, CHLORPYRIFOS, METALAXYL AND PENDIMETHALIN APPLIED TO TURFGRASS COVERED UNDISTURBED SOIL COLUMNS (abstract only)

220.....USING OPEN/LONG PATH FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED (FT-IR) SPECTROMETRY TO MONITOR BIOREMEDIATION AND TRANSPIRATION OF ALFALFA PLANTS (abstract only)

221.....PHYTOREMEDIATION: AN EMERGING TECHNOLOGY FOR CONTAMINATED SITES (abstract only)

222.....BIOREMEDIATION OF TNT WASTES BY HIGHER PLANTS

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT J.P. McDonald, session chair

232.....COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT AT SITES WITH CULTURALLY DIVERSE POPULATIONS (abstract only)

233.....ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS ON RESERVATION LANDS: PANEL DISCUSSION (abstract only)

POSTERS

236.....A SIMPLE MODEL FOR SURFACTANT-ENHANCED REMEDIATION OF A HYDROPHOBIC CONTAMINANT BY COMBINING THE PUMP-AND-TREAT AND RHIZOSPHERE TECHNOLOGIES (abstract only)

237.....BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS AT TEXTUAL INTERFACES IN THE SUBSOIL (abstract only)

238.....RIPARIAN POPLAR TREE BUFFER IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION (abstract only)

239.....ABILITY OF MEDICAGO SATIVA (ALFALFA) TO REMOVE NICKEL IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION

249.....COPPER ADSORPTION BY SPHAGNUM PEAT MOSS AND ITS DIFFERENT HUMIC FRACTIONS

261.....METHOD DEVELOPMENT FOR THE DETERMINATION OF TIN IN A MARINE SEDIMENT AND A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF TIN DISTRIBUTION FROM LA PAZ, B.C.S., MEXICO

271.....SIMULATION OF WASTE GENERATION DURING START-UP OF AN INTERCONNECTED PROCESS NETWORK

281.....GUIDANCE MANUAL FOR THE USE OF PREPARED BED LAND TREATMENT AS A BIOREMEDIAL TECHNOLOGY (abstract only)

282.....HERBICIDE DEGRADATION BY RHIZOSPHERE MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES (abstract only)

283.....CELLS ON ROTATING FIBERS (abstract only)

284.....PHYTOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM CONTAMINATED SOIL: A TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROJECT (abstract only)

285.....BIODEGRADATION AND DISSIPATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL RHIZOSPHERE (abstract only)

286.....INFLUENCE OF A FLUCTUATING WATER TABLE ON MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF PESTICIDES (abstract only)

287.....MODELING OF OVERLAND FLOW CONTAMINATION DUE TO HEAVY METALS IN SHALLOW SOIL HORIZONS

301.....SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF SURFACE INFILTRATION PROPERTIES OVER TWO FIELDS IN THE KONZA PRAIRIE (abstract only)

302.....A WATER BALANCE MODEL OVER SOILS WITH SPATIALLY VARYING INFILTRATION PROPERTIES (abstract only)

303.....AN AUTOMATED SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR LARGE SOIL COLUMN TRANSPORT STUDIES (abstract only)

304.....EFFECTS OF TNT AND 4-AMINO-2,6-DINITROTOLUENE ON TALL FESCUE GERMINATION AND EARLY SEEDLING DEVELOPMENT (abstract only)

305.....TNT SORPTION AND BOUND RESIDUE FORMATION IN SOIL (abstract only)

306.....MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF TNT BY PSEUDOMONAS SAVASTANOI (abstract only)

307.....RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ATRAZINE DEGRADATION, SOIL PROPERTIES AND MICROBIAL POPULATIONS (abstract only)

308.....REMEDIATING RDX-CONTAMINATED SOIL AND WATER BY FENTON OXIDATION AND METAL-REDUCTION (abstract only)

309.....PRACTICAL APPROACHES TO REMEDIATING TNT-CONTAMINATED SOIL BY FENTON OXIDATION (abstract only)

310.....MOMENT ANALYSIS TO ESTIMATE DEGRADATION RATE CONSTANTS FROM LEACHING EXPERIMENTS (abstract only)

311.....COMPARING THE LEACHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVEN PESTICIDES APPLIED TO TURFGRASS COVERED UNDISTURBED SOIL COLUMNS UNDER TWO IRRIGATION REGIMES (abstract only)

312.....BIO-WALL TECHNOLOGY: CONCEPTUAL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS

321.....FACTORS AFFECTING THE NATURE OF THE METABOLITES FROM ALACHLOR TRANSFORMATION UNDER SIMULATED GROUND WATER CONDITIONS (abstract only)

322.....ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF CLAYS USED IN REMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE (abstract only)

323.....FUNGAL REMEDIATION OF PENTACHLOROPHENOL CONTAMINATED SOIL (abstract only)

324.....LEAD AND CADMIUM SPECIATION IN SMELTER-CONTAMINATED SOIL (abstract only)

325.....SOIL COMPOSITION AND SUPPRESSION OF PYRENE MINERALIZATION BY PHANEROCHAETE CHRYSOSPORIUM

333.....BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) IN ST. LAWRENCE RIVER SEDIMENTS (abstract only)

334.....BIODEGRADATION KINETICS OF ORGANIC POLLUTANT MIXTURES (abstract only)

335.....TRANSPORT AND BIODEGRADATION OF VOCS IN SOILS (abstract only)

336.....THE NAOMI PROGRAM AND HERS: WORKING TO CREATE LASTING LINKS

341.....THE USE OF COMPUTER WORKSTATIONS IN THE STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY: INTEGRATION OF GEOPHYSICAL AND GEOLOGIC DATA

INDEX